India’s total forest cover

According to  India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017, released by Union environment minister Harsh Vardhan on February 12, 2018. India’s total forest cover is 708,273 sq.km (about 21.54% of India’s total GA) and tree cover is 93,815 sq.km (about 2.85% of the total GA).Taken together, it marks an increase of about 1% Forest and tree cover in India since 2015 to 802,088 sq.km or about 24.39% of the country’s total geographical area (GA). The latest ISFR report also includes information about water bodies in forests. This is a new feature of the report. It  revealed that there has been an increase of 2,647 sq.km in the extent of water bodies in forest areas over the decade 2005-2015. According to the report, all the states and Union territories show an increase (in water bodies) except Arunachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Bihar. The ISFR report is published every two years. The 2017 report is more comprehensive than the previous one as it is based on information from 633 districts compared with 589 covered in the 2015 report.

The top five states where forest cover grew are Andhra Pradesh (by 2,141 sq.km), Karnataka (1,101 sq.km), Kerala (1,043 sq.km), Odisha (885 sq.km) and Telangana (565 sq.km), while the top five states where forest cover declined are Mizoram (by 531 sq.km), Nagaland (450 sq.km), Arunachal Pradesh (190 sq.km), Tripura (164 sq.km) and Meghalaya (116 sq.km). According to the report,  Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover (77, 414 sq. km), followed by Arunachal Pradesh (66,964 sq. km), Chhattisgarh (55,547 sq. km) Odisha (51, 345 sq. km) and Maharashtra (50,682 sq. km). Forest cover in hill districts grew by 754 sq.km, while tribal districts saw an increase of 86.89 sq.km in just the last two years, according to ISFR 2017. But, worryingly, forest cover in the northeastern region showed a decline of 630 sq.km.

India targets having 33% of its GA under forest cover. According to the report, at present 15 states and Union territories have more than 33% of their GA under forest cover. The report highlighted that about 40% of forest cover is contained in nine large patches across the country, each more than 10,000 sq.km in extent.

The report has also brought out some major concerns. Firstly among the top  states under forest and tree cover, forest and tree cover  has decreased since 2015 except Odisha. Second worrying trend is that the five states where the forest cover contracted the most are in the biodiversity rich northeastern region. This region  had witnessed a decrease in 2015 too from 2013, according to the previous report. Thirdly, it is observed from the report that the net increase in forest cover has been uneven as increase in net forest and tree cover was observed in areas less than 1,000 metre altitude, while in all other altitudinal zones small net decrease has been observed.

The report also revealed that 21,054 sq. km of non-forest area became forest area during the last two years, hinting that this may have been due to an increase in activities like plantation. However, 24,175 sq. km of forest area of different categories such as very dense forest and moderate forest turned into non-forest area due to deforestation or diversion of forest land for developmental projects.

Union environment minister said that   India ranks among the top 10 countries of the world in terms of forest area. But this fact needs to be seen in the conext of population density. None of the 9 countries in top 10 list has a population density of more than 150 persons per sq.km, compared with India’s 382 persons per sq.km. However according to  the latest FAO report, India has reported the greatest annual net gain in forest area among the top ten countries, despite finishing at 8th rank.

The post India State of Forest Report 2017 appeared first on Civil Services Strategist.

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In the Union Budget Estimate 2018-19, most schemes have been bolstered, but some have been cut.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 7,392 croreRs 9,429 crore27.56%

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 16,900 croreRs 19,000 crore12.43%

Aimed at providing all weather road connectivity in rural areas of India to improve livelihood opportunities.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna(PMAY)

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 29,043 croreRs 27,505 crore-5.3%

National Rural Drinking Water Mission

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 7,050 croreRs 7,000 crore-0.71%

Goal is to provide adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs to rural Indians.

Swachh Bharat Mission

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 19,248 croreRs 17,843 crore-7.3%

National Health Mission

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 31,292 croreRs 30,634 crore-2.1%

National Education Mission

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 29,556 croreRs 32,613 crore10.34%

National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 10,000 croreRs 10,500 crore5%

Provides free lunches to primary and upper primary students at government schools.

Umbrella ICDS

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 19,963 croreRs 23,088 crore15.65%

Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 988 croreRs 1,366 crore38.26%

National Livelihood Mission – Ajeevika

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 4,699 croreRs 6,060 crore28.96%

Jobs and Skill Development

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,905 croreRs 5,071 crore74.56%

Aimed at training 40 crore Indians in different skills by 2022.

Environment, Forestry and Wildlife

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 975 croreRs 1,019 crore4.51%

Urban Rejuvenation Mission: AMRUT and Smart Cities Mission

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 8,999 croreRs 12,169 crore35.23%

Modernisation of Police Forces

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,577 croreRs 3,157 crore22.51%

Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 629 croreRs 630 crore0.16%

Provides funding for construction of court buildings and residential complexes for judges.

Border Area Development Programme

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,100 croreRs 771 crore-29.91%

Scheme to meet special developmental needs of people living in border areas.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 600 croreRs 1,200 crore100%

Aimed at stimulating local economic development, enhancing basic services and creating well planned Rurban clusters.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna Major Central Sector Schemes

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 471 croreRs 2,000 crore324.63%

Crop Insurance Scheme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 10,698 croreRs 13,000 crore21.52%

Provides insurance cover to food crops, oilseeds and commercial crops with known yielding patters.

Interest Subsidy for Short Term Credit to Farmers

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 14,750 croreRs 15,000 crore1.69%

Crop Science

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 400 croreRs 800 crore100%

Agricultural Universities and Institutions

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 658 croreRs 685 crore4.1%

Regional Connectivity Scheme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 200 croreRs 1,014 crore407%

Interest Equalisation Scheme (Department of Commerce)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,000 croreRs 2,500 crore25%

National Industrial Corridor Development and Implementation Trust (NICDIT)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 797 croreRs 1,097 crore37.64%

Green Revolution

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 11,185 croreRs 13,909 crore24.35%

Aimed at increasing agricultural productivity.

White Revolution

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,633 croreRs 2,220 crore35.95%

Aimed at increasing milk and dairy production in India.

Blue Revolution

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 302 croreRs 643 crore112.91%

Scheme for integrated development and management of fisheries.

Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme(ATUFS)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,956 croreRs 2,300 crore17.59%

Biotechnology Research and Development

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,252 croreRs 1,350 crore7.83%

Border Infrastructure and Management

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,040 croreRs 1,750 crore-14.22%

Capacity Building- Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyaan (PSA) / Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 638 croreRs 721 crore13.01%

Central Silk Board

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 600 croreRs 501 crore-16.5%

Compensation to Service Providers for creation and augmentation of telecom infrastructure-Bharatnet

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 7,000 croreRs 10,000 crore42.86%

Credit Support Programme

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,802 croreRs 700 crore-75.02%

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojna

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 5,400 croreRs 3,800 crore-29.63%

Aimed at strengthening Irural agriculture by providing increasing rural electrification among other steps.

Education of Minorities girl child

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 661 croreRs 860 crore30.11%

Employees Pension Scheme, 1995

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 5,111 croreRs 4,900 crore-4.13%

Equity Capital to Micro Units Development Refinance Agency (MUDRA Bank)

NEW SCHEME

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
N/ARs 600 croreN/A

Exhibition-Cum-Convention Centre, Dwarka

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 500 croreRs 700 crore40%

Green Energy Corridors – Grid Interactive Renewable Power

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 500 croreRs 600 crore20%

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 250 croreRs 2,750 crore1000%

Innovation, Technology Development and Deployment

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 670 croreRs 720 crore7.46%

Integrated Development of Tourist Circuits around specific themes (Swadesh Darshan) & PRASAD

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,050 croreRs 1,250 crore19.05%

Integrated Power Development Scheme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 4,372 croreRs 4,935 crore12.88%

Goal is to strengthen the sub-transmission and distribution system including provisioning of solar panels and IT enablement of distribution sector.

Khelo India

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 350 croreRs 520 crore48.57%

Aimed at developing sports infrastructure in both rural and urban areas, identifying and nurturing talent.

LPG Connection to Poor Households

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,252 croreRs 3,200 crore42.1%

Provides LPG at subsidized rates.

Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLAD)

UNCHANGED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 3,950 croreRs 3,950 crore0%

Metro Projects & MRTS

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 18,000 croreRs 15,000 crore-16.67%

National River Conservation Programme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 723 croreRs 770 crore6.5%

National Seismic Programme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 10 croreRs 1,300 crore12900%

North Eastern Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy (NEIPP)

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 783 croreRs 528 crore-32.57%

Optical Fibre Cable based network for Defence Services

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 3,755 croreRs 4,500 crore19.84%

Pardhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 3,175 croreRs 3,825 crore20.47%

Phulpur Dhamra Haldia Pipeline Project

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 400 croreRs 1,674 crore318.5%

Police Infrastructure

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 4,490 croreRs 4,750 crore5.79%

Aimed at bolstering state police forces by building secure police stations, providing better training and equipping forces with modern weaponry.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana

NEW SCHEME

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
N/ARs 1,313 croreN/A

Price Stabilisation Fund

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 3,500 croreRs 1,500 crore-57.14%

Seeks to support market interventions for price control of perishable agri-horticultural commodities like onion, potato etc.

Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,195 croreRs 1,801 crore50.71%

Procurement of Cotton by Cotton Corporation under Price Support Scheme

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 303 croreRs 924 crore204.95%

Promotion of Digital payment

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 25 croreRs 596 crore2284%

Promotion of Electronics and IT HW Manufacturing (MSIPS, EDF and Manufacturing Clusters)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 485 croreRs 864 crore78.14%

Refund of Central and Integrated GST to Industrial Units in North Eastern Region and Himalayan States

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,440 croreRs 1,500 crore4.17%

Remission of State Levies (ROSL)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,855 croreRs 2,164 crore16.66%

Sagarmala

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 480 croreRs 600 crore25%

Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Rural)- Saubhagya

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,550 croreRs 2,750 crore77.42%

Science and Technology Institutional and Human Capacity Building

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,008 croreRs 1,109 crore10.02%

Solar Power – Grid Interactive Renewable Power

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,117 croreRs 2,045 crore83.08%

Solar Power – Off-Grid/Distributed and Decentralized Renewable Power

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 985 croreRs 849 crore-13.81%

Strengthening of Power Systems including Power Sector Development Fund

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,767 croreRs 1,311 crore-25.81%

Wind Power – Grid Interactive Renewable Power

UNCHANGED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 750 croreRs 750 crore0%

Core of the Core Schemes

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Program

UNCHANGED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 55,000 croreRs 55,000 crore0%

National Social Assistance Program

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 8,745 croreRs 9,975 crore14.07%

Umbrella Programme for Development of Minorities

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 4,075 croreRs 4,580 crore12.39%

Umbrella Programme for Development of Other Vulnerable Groups

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 1,630 croreRs 2,287 crore40.31%

Umbrella Programme for Development of Scheduled Tribes

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 3,512 croreRs 3,806 crore8.37%

Umbrella Scheme for Development of Schedule Castes

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 5,114 croreRs 5,183 crore1.35%

National AIDS and STD Control Programme

DECREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,163 croreRs 2,100 crore-2.91%

Goal is to reduce STD cases and prevent both short and long term morbidity due to STDs.

National Capital Region Transport Corporation

NEW SCHEME

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
N/ARs 659 croreN/A

National Ganga Plan and Ghat Works

UNCHANGED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 2,300 croreRs 2,300 crore0%

National Highways Authority of India including Road Works

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 60,671 croreRs 70,544 crore16.27%

National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme (NMCP)

INCREASED

Revised Estimate, 2017-18Budget Estimate, 2018-19Change
Rs 461 croreRs 1,006 crore118.22%

 

 

The post Allocation to  the most important budget schemes in Union Budget 2018-19 appeared first on Civil Services Strategist.

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